Colposcopy is a type of cervical cancer test. It lets your doctor get a close-up look at your cervix — the opening to your uterus. It is useful to find abnormal cells in your cervix.
This procedure is nearly pain-free. You might feel pressure when the speculum goes in. It might also sting or burn a little when they wash your cervix with the vinegar-like solution.
Your doctor may recommend colposcopy if a Pap test or pelvic exam revealed abnormalities.
It can be used to diagnose:
- Genital warts
- Precancerous changes in the tissue of the vagina
- Precancerous changes in the tissue of the cervix
- Inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)
- Precancerous changes of the vulva
Colposcopy is a safe procedure that carries very few risks.